While the University of Scranton had racist practices and racially insensitive occurrences, the University of Scranton has continually tried to end racially insensitive incidents throughout its history. There are still issues and incidents that arise at times, however, the University of Scranton is not oblivious to it and is slowly trying to right the wrongs of the past in order to ensure a safer and more welcoming future.  Through different actions and plans, the campus community desired to open its arms for all kinds of minorities, especially people of color. The University of Scranton is keeping the radically insensitive history of the University available to students and faculty. The University of Scranton still has a ways to go to fully right its past wrongs. This project is just one step.


Our group consists of four history majors that attend the University of Scranton.  This project was commissioned by Professor Levy's History 190 course in the Fall of 2021.

  1. Thomas Lynn is a Junior History Major. He has lived near Scranton his entire life. He has worked with the community before, in volunteering, and with Careerlink before.
  2. Charles Stewart is a first-year History major and a graduate from Scranton High-School, deciding to proudly further his education at the University of Scranton.
  3. Brendan Zyla is a first-year history major.
  4. Maria Stephen is a first-year double major in History & Political Science with a minor in Philosophy and a legal studies concentration. She is part of the Special Jesuit Liberal Arts Honors Program. She is very active in the student body as she is a member of the student government as well as various clubs on campus. She aspires to become a lawyer and continue serving the community in different ways. 


The first step in our methodology was to aquire primary sources from the University of Scranton Digital Collections website.  OCR (Optical Character Recognition) which is used on the website is a process that indentifies printed characters but can sometimes be inaccurate. Due to this inaccuracy, the University of Scranton Digital Collections website was not as useful of a source as we would have hoped for (although a few of our sources were obtained from there).

The next step in our methodology was to visit the physical University of Scranton Weinberg Memorial Library Archive. There, with the help of Professor Knies, we aquired the majority of our primary sources. Unfortunately, some of the sources that have not been digitized yet cannot be put on this website because we do not have permission.

To find secondary sources to aid us in this project we primarily used Google Scholar. 

The tool that we are using to demonstrate demographic data at the University of Scranton is storyline.js. Storyline.js is a tool that allows us to easily organise and portray demographic data and makes data easier to view and interpret. To see an example of storyline.js, see our demographics page.


Secondary Sources 

Gary R. Pike, George D. Kuh, and Robert M. Gonyea, “Evaluating the Rationale for Affirmative Action in College Admissions: Direct and Indirect Relationships between Campus Diversity and Gains in Understanding Diverse Groups,” Johns Hopkins University Press 48, no. 2 (April 2007),

“Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities,” National Center for Education Statistics, n.d.,

Erdman, David. 1978. “KKK Back in Business.” The Aquinas, November 14, 1978. University of Scranton Archives. 

“Ethnicity of Students Enrolled in University of Scranton 1994-2020.” 1994. University of Scranton. University of Scranton Archives.

“Information on Freshmen Minority Students Enrolled 1992-93.” 1993. Office of The Dean of Admissions. University of Scranton Archives. 

Jammies. 2014. DIVERSITY: The University of Scranton’s Metamorphosis – Part 2.

Panuska, J. A. 1983. “University of Scranton President Report (Circa 1983-84).” 


Racial Exclusion

Hildebrand, John. 1983. “S. African Policy: Change Gradually.” The Aquinas, October 13, 1983.

Perge, Binge, N. 1994. “Those Wild and Crazy Jesuits.” Aquinas, April 1, 1994. 

“Student Forum.” n.d. Accessed October 29, 2021.

Scranton Tribune. 1976. “Slave Auction Here Thursday - University of Scranton Newspaper Clippings - The University of Scranton Digital Collections,” November 2, 1976.

“Slave Aution Photos 1977.” 1977. University of Scranton. University of Scranton Archives.

The Aquinas. 1978. “Slave Auction.” The Aquinas, October 3, 1978. University of Scranton Archives.

1982. “In Brief..” The Aquinas, October 28, 1982.

“The Aquinas 1982-10-28 - University of Scranton Aquinas - The University of Scranton Digital Collections.” 1982. October 31, 1982.

“The Scranton Record February 1990.” n.d. Accessed October 29, 2021.

“Wayne’s Haunted House.” n.d. University of Scranton, Wayne’s Forum, 102, University of Scranton Archives.


Racial Inclusion

" Associate Dean An Early Coed" The Sunday Times November 30, 1980

"Karen L. Pennington '76, G'83, H’15: Creating Opportunities for All Students"  Scranton Journal December 2020

The Aquinas 1980-11-11

The Aquinas 1981-11-03

The Aquinas 1990-02-14

Press Release: African-American Society